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天満敦子(ATSUKO TEMMA _ Violin)

profile.jpg東京都出身。6歳よりヴァイオリンをはじめ、小学校時代、NHK・TV「ヴァイオリンのおけいこ」に出演。講師の故江藤俊哉氏に資質を認められて音楽家への道を志した。東京芸大在学中に日本音楽コンクール第1位、ロン・ティボー国際コンクール特別銀賞等を受賞して注目を浴びる。海野義雄、故レオニード・コーガン、ヘルマン・クレッ バースらに師事。

1992年「文化使節」として訪れたルーマニアで、「ダヴィッド・オイストラフ以来の感激」(同国文化大臣)と高い評価を受け、公演は空前の成功を収めた。翌年この訪問が縁で巡り会った同国の「薄幸の天才作曲家」ポルムベスクの「望郷のバラード」を日本に紹介、以後この作品は天満敦子の代名詞とさえ言えるほどのクラシック界異例の大ヒット曲となった。憂いをおびた美しい旋律とともに、曲に秘められたエピソードも話題をよんだ。

朝日新聞朝刊に1998年7月から1年余り連載された小説『百年の預言』(著/芥川賞作家高樹のぶ子)に登場する情熱の女主人公走馬充子(そうまみつこ)は彼女がモデル。作品を貫いて流れる憂愁の旋律<バラーダ>は、言うまでもなく「望郷のバラード」。

NHK・ BSと総合で95年より再三放映された「わが心の旅・漂泊のバラーダ」は視聴者に深い感動を与えた。2000年文芸春秋社より自伝的エッセイ『わが心の歌 望郷のバラード』が処女出版され、好評を得て版を重ねている。2005年5月以降再三放送されているNHKスペシャルのドキュメンタリードラマ「望郷」 (脚本・演出/岡崎栄)では同年1月の紀尾井ホールでの「望郷のバラード」演奏シーンが使われ、曲の美しさに加え、天満敦子の人間的魅力が改めて脚光を浴びた。

これまで多数のCDを発売。そのうち、1993年録音の「望郷のバラード」(アートユニオン)は大ヒットとなり、「現代日本のヴァイオリン音楽・抄」は文化庁芸術作品賞に輝く。キングレコードへの移籍後、この秘曲との巡り合い10周年を記念して2003年秋に発売された「Balada(望郷のバラード)」は高い人気を得て、これまたロングセラーを記録している。2004年1月放送の「吉岡秀隆シルクロード浪漫」(東海テレビ開局45周年記念特番)では小林亜星が作曲したテーマ曲の演奏を担当。同時にCD「シルクロード浪漫」を発売。5月には初のDVD「望郷のバラード〜天満敦子in葉山2004」(神奈川県立近代美術館葉山開館記念ミュージアムコンサート)もリリースされた。また11月には待望のバッハ「無伴奏ヴァイオリンのためのソナタとパルティータ」全曲CDが発売され、楽壇の注目を集める。2005年4月には天満ファンを自認する小林亜星の書き下ろし作品3曲を含む<日本のうた>アルバム「ねむの木の子守歌」、9月にはオルガンの小林英之と共演した「祈り」が完成して、好評発売中。 2005年12月「ねむの木の子守歌」が第47回日本レコード大賞企画賞を受賞という栄誉に輝いた。2006年9月には"旅へのロマン"をテーマにしたCD「ツィゴイネルワイゼン」を、2007年6月には"愛"をテーマにしたCD「愛のあいさつ」をリリースし、これまたベストセラーを記録している。

天衣無縫、個性味あふれる語り口と、ステージにおける強烈な自己投入が、彼女の魅力と言われるが、その裏に秘められた深い譜読みと、絶えざる研鑽の日々を知る人は少ない。現在、東邦音楽大学大学院教授。

使用のヴァイオリンはアントニオ・ストラディヴァリウス晩年の名作。弓は伝説の巨匠ウージェーヌ・イザイ遺愛の名弓。
 
Atsuko Temma a profile

Atsuko Temma, born in Tokyo, started playing the violin at six whom she happened to join an NHK program, "Let's start playing the violin". There her endowment was acknowledged by the teacher, decd.Toshiya Etou and it led her to the road of a professional musician. While studying at Tokyo Geijutsu Daigaku (Tokyo National University of Fine Art & Music) and its graduate school, she won various prizes including the first prize at the Music Competition of Japan, a special silver prize at the International Competition of Marguerite Long Jacques Thibaud and others, all of which gave her the worldwide fame as a result. She then kept studying under Unno Yoshio, Keonid Borisovitch Kogan, Herman Krebbers and others.

In 1992, she visited Rumania for the first time as a "Cultural Ambassador" and her performance there received a high appraisal from the cultural minister of Rumania, saying "she was the violinist who has given the greatest ever since David Fiodorovich Oistrakh". Her performance gained an epoch-making success there. It was in 1993 that she introduced to Japan "Balada" by Porumbescu, an unfortunate genius composer. Since then, this piece has been a huge hit just as if the piece was a pronoun of herself. This phenomenon was indeed an unexceptional case in our classical music industry. The beautiful melodies with some sorrows as well as its episodes in the piece are often talked about.

Atsuko Temma was once modeled as a main passionate female character in a novel, "A Hundred Year Prophecy" written by a literary prize winner, Nobuko Takagi. It was run a serial in the morning edition of Asahi Newspaper throughout the year of 1998. Needless to say, the piece played with a sorrowful melody throughout the novel is "Balada". "Wagakokoro no Tabi, Hyouhaku no Balada" that has been televised over and over on NHK/BS since 1995 has given deep impressions to its viewers. Her autobiographical essay, "Wagakokoro no Uta, Bokyo no Balada" was published from Bungeishunju publisher in 2000. This essay has been gaining public favor and running into several impressions. Also, the scene of "Balada" performed at Kioi Hall in January, 2005, was used in NHK special documentary drama, "Bokyo" (script & direction by Sakae Okazaki) on HNK which has been televised over and over again since May 2005. Not only the fineness of its piece but also Atsuko Temma's personal magnetism was again spotlighted.

Many of her albums have been released so far. "Balada" with record-breaking sales was recorded in 1993 and released from Art Union Records. The grand prize for "My favorite Japanese contemporary masterworks for violin" was given by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. Now she has transferred to King Record Co., Ltd.. "Balada" was released in autumn, 2003 and cerebrated the 10th anniversary ever since she met this piece. This album has received high popularity and kept as a long time seller. She was in charge of the performance for the theme that was composed by Asei Kobayashi on "Hidetaka Yoshioka Silk Road Roman". This program was televised in January, 2004. She has released an album entitled "Silk Road" at the same time. In May, 2004, she also released a DVD entitled "Balada, Temma Atsuko in Hayama, 2004" for the first time in her career. A long-sought J. S. Bach's "No.3 for violin solo in E major BWV 1006" was finally released in November, the same year. This album attracted a great deal of the musical circles. "Japanesque" was released in April, 2005. Three newly written pieces by Asei Kobayashi who acknowledges himself as a big fan of her are included in this album. In September, 2005, "Prayer" played together with the organist, Hideyuki Kobayashi, was completed. This album had an honor of winning a prize for planning at the 47th Japan Record Award. "Zigeunerweisen" with the theme for "Longing for travel" was released in September, 2006. The album "Salut d'amour" was also released in June, 2007 with the theme for "Love" and those albums have kept record-breaking sales.

Not only with her flawless performance of music, her way of telling with a strong personality and a very powerful self-charge of herself on the stage are often talked about as her real attraction. Only a very few people, however, know about her hidden efforts spent for score reading and days of constant practice. She is now a professor at Toho College of Music.

The violin she plays with is the masterpiece of the Stradivarius' later years. The bow she uses is the great bow used by the legendary master, Eugene Ysaye.



 
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